Brief info

The history of the organization of the Geology Institute

In 1926 the Research and Study Society of Azerbaijan (investigations in a filed of geology and geophysics) was established.

In 1932 Azerbaijan subdivision of Transcaucasian branch of Academy of sciences of USSR (AzSTBAS) (study of natural resources of Azerbaijan) was established on the basis of this society.

In 1935 AzSTBAS was reorganized to Azerbaijani branch of Academy of Sciences of USSR (ABAS USSR) with a number of institutions, including geology sector. 

In 1938 the geology sector was reformed into an independent research institution – Geology Institute on initiative of major Azerbaijan scientists – Sh.A. Azizbekov, M.A.Kashkay, A.A.Yakubov.

The forming and development of the institution coincided with a period of rapid development of Azerbaijan oil and gas industry.

The outstanding Russian scientists – I.M.Gubkin, D.V.Golubyatnikov, V.V.Bogachev, N.B. Vasseevich, V.V.Weber, A.V.Vinogradov, S.A. Kovalevskiy, D.V.Nalivkin, Y.F. Savarenskiy, Y.V.Riznichenko, M.A. Sadovskiy, V.V.Tixomirov, B.S.Sokolov, V.Y.Khain et al. played a great role in the establishment and development of the Institute. Georgian colleagues – L.Sh.Davitashvili, G.S.Dzotsenidze, I.V.Kacharava, M.S.Eristavi, A.A.Tsagareli, E.A.Dzhibladze et al. lent regular support in training of scientific personnel.

A pleiad of outstanding scientists of Azerbaijan – academicians Azizbekov Sh.A., Aliev M.M., Alizadeh A.A., Alizadeh K.A., Akhmedov G.A., Kashkay M.A., Mamedov A.V., Mamedov Sh.N., Mekhtiev Sh.R., Salayev S.G., Sultanov A.D., Shikhalibeili A.M., Yakubov A.A.,  corresponding members – Aliyev A.G., Sultanov K.M., Efendiyev G.Kh., Sc.D.– Gadjiyev R.M., Ismailzadeh T.A et al. contributed to the development of geological science of Azerbaijan. Relay of scientific achievements, passing on from one generation to another, allowed the Institute to become the major scientific institute of ANAS at present, fully engaged in fundamental and applied developments in the field of Earth Sciences.

During the period of activity the Geology Institute was led by:  professor M.T.Agabekov (1938-1943), academician K.A. Alizadeh (1943-1945), academician A.D.Suleymanov (1945-1949), corresponding-member A.G.Aliyev (1949-1951), master in geological-mineralogical sciences A.S.Bayramov (1951+1954), Sh.F.Mekhtiyev (1954-1958), academician A.D.Sultanov (1958-1970), professor E.N.Alikhanov (1970-1976). Since 1976 by academician of ANAS Ak.A.Alizadeh has been leading the Geology Institute.

In 2003 the Geology Institute of ANAS was established on the basis of the Geology Institute and the Institute of deep oil-gas fields problems (IDOGFP).

According to the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Azerbaijan Republic (№ 104, April 15, 2014) the Geology Institute was renamed into the Institute of Geology and Geophysics of ANAS.

The Institute structure includes 24 research departments, the National Data Center of Azerbaijan, established in 2003 on the initiative of Preparative Committee of Comprehensive Nuclear Test- Ban-Treaty-Organization (CTBTO), Centre of common use of the analytical devices and equipment, Natural History Museum named after H.Zardabi. The Institute staff 108 researchers, including 5 academician of ANAS (1 corresponding member of RAS), 4 corresponding members of ANAS, 17 doctors of science, 62 candidates of science.

Basic activity directions:

- Study of the evolution of sedimentary basins and the formation of hydrocarbons at great depths;
- Study of catastrophic processes of natural and anthropogenic origin, prediction of geological hazards and the establishment of monitoring systems;
- Study of the physical fields of the Earth.

Main scientific achievements:

On the basis of 3-dimensional modeling evolution of thermal conditions, oil and gas formation sites in space and time was reproduced; reservoir characteristics and phase state of fluids were estimated. The features of various forms of hydrocarbon migration, covering the whole cycle of their ontogenesis in relation to the geological conditions of the South Caspian basin (SCB) were considered.
Spatial nonuniformity of conditions of hydrocarbon migration from source rocks was established, the presence of power sites of structures by hydrocarbons of underlying sediments was revealed, range of subvertical migration of oil and gas was estimated.

Geothermal energy resources of the Pliocene-Quaternary deposits of Azerbaijan depression zones were estimated. New data on deformation processes was obtained by GPS monitoring and geodynamic studies.

As a result of microtremor measurements with using seismic system GURALP the distribution of resonance frequencies, gain factor for soil, point increment for major earthquake was determined.

Atlas of mud volcanoes was pubıished