January 14, 2020

The article “The feasibility study of the creation of “Ilandagh” geopark in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic” was published in the “Geoheritage” journal. The authors of the article are the head of the Department of geotectonics and regional geology of the IGG, corresponding member of ANAS, ScD in Geology and Mineralogy Talat Kangarli, head of the Department of innovative projects coordination, ScD in Engineering Sciences Vagif Ibragimov, leading researcher of the Department of basin modeling and geotechnologies, PhD in Earth Sciences Tofik Rashidov and Engineer of the Department of geotectonics and regional geology Ilkin Kangarli.

The feasibility study of the creation of geopark in Azerbaijan, in particular the “Ilandagh” geopark in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic.

The main goals are to preserve the local geoheritage. Azerbaijan has a significant potential in terms of geoparks creation.

This had been established within the fulfillment of the “National Strategy for Protection and Sustainable

Use of the Geosites in Azerbaijan Republic for 2009-2012”. As a result of the conducted studies, the cadaster of geosites of various types had been worked out. It included paleontological, stratigraphical, tectonic, geomorphological, mineralogical, petrographic, hydrogeological, and ancient-mining-geological geosites. Analysis of their spatial distribution by the cited categories as well as environment-oriented significance and correspondence to the wellknown sites of historical, cultural, and recreational value had revealed the great potential of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic to establish geoparks of a global reach that meet UNESCO requirements. Taking into consideration the abovementioned, it is proposed to organize the geopark under the principle of “three-in-one.” It assumes the union of geological, geomorphological, and archeological sites as well as the sites of historical and cultural heritage and of biodiversity into a single legal system.

In compliance with UNESCO requirements Shahbuz-Ordubad area in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (Nakhchivan AR). This area is known for its rich landscape and biological diversity; mineral and thermal springs of various balneological properties; complex topographic and structural forms, magmatic rocks; representative lithological and stratigraphic sections of great chronological range; numerous ore manifestations of different genesis; and historical, cultural, and archeological sites. The rare and unique geological forms are the base that can provide the social and economic sustainability of Nakhchivan AR in long-term prospects. Generally, the historical, cultural, and natural potential of Nakhchivan AR is very close to requirements specified by UNESCO.
Besides it, the territory of Nakhchivan AR is characterized by numerous (over 220) mineral water springs. Among them, more than 150, there are located within the territory of the proposed geopark.

Over 150 unique and rare geological objects have been discovered here. There are 400 architectural sites, more than 280 archaeological sites of historical and cultural legacy, as well as 3000 species of plants, 373 species of animals and 226 species of birds.

It should be noted that there are photographs and diagrams of waterfalls, geological objects, rocks and caves located in Nakhchivan.

Public Relations Department
ANAS Institute of Geology and Geophysics