HYDROCARBON SYSTEMS OF THE SOUTH CASPIAN BASIN: MODERN IDEAS AND LOOK IN FUTURE
I.Guliev, P.Mamedov, A.Feizullayev, D.Huseynov, F.Kadirov, M.Tagiyev, E.H.-M.Aliyeva
The South Caspian - Kura Basin is among the oldest oil and gas bearing provinces in the world, which in as far back as early 20th century was the worldwide lead in petroleum industry. In the last years interest in this region was rekindled in connection with the discovery of large offshore oil and gas fields and attraction of foreign investments in their development. Considering this, in the paper different aspects of petroleum geology of the South Caspian - Kura Basin, tectonic structure, stratigraphy, reservoir quality, source rocks, oil and gas geochemistry, mud volcanism are dealt with on the basis of a great body of factual material. Specific features of this oil and gas province are shown to be high sedimentation rates of the young Pliocene-Quaternary deposits, low thermal regime, overpressuring, mud volcanism etc.