January 15, 2021

The next 25th eruption of Shikhzarli mud volcano, one of the most active mud volcanoes in Azerbaijan, was recorded on January 9, 2021. The volcano is located 1-1.5 km northwest of the Shikhzarli village of the Gobustan district.

According to the employees of the State Natural Reserve of the group of mud volcanoes of Baku and Absheron Peninsula of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources, the column of fire was not recorded this time.

According to the “Bureau of Earthquake Research” of the Republican Seismic Survey Center of ANAS, the volcanic eruption was characterized by 3 activation cycles with a total duration of 12 minutes.

The employees of the department of mud volcanism of the ANAS Institute of Geology and Geophysics visited the Shikhzarli mud volcano. During the measurements it was established that 2.5 hectares of land were completely covered with solid waste. In the breccia area the mean height of the ejecta was 0.6 m. A total of 1700 cubic meters of ejecta were outcropped. As a result of the eruption, cracks of different sizes formed on the territory of the volcano and in the surrounding areas.

The cracks sizes significantly vary to the southeast and south of the crater. Two relatively large cracks with a total length of 120 m are of particular interest.
There are a lot of rock fragments ejected during the eruption, including oil shale and oily sandstone in crater.

The employees of the department continues researches - collection of data and rock samples.