RESEARCHES ON OIL SHALES IS EXTENDING IN AZERBAIJAN
January 30, 2020
Since 2000, the Department of mud volcanism of the ANAS Institute of Geology and Geophysics has been the only research organization where oil shales are thoroughly studied. The oil shales are the most prospecting fuel and energy and raw materials resources (after oil and gas).
In UN General Assembly resolution 33/148, the oil shales are the new prospecting energy sources in the world.
Currently, in a number of countries (the USA, China, France, Germany, Estonia, Russia and Australia) the oil shales is abundantly used as a raw material for producing liquid fuel, hydrocarbon gases, electric energy, cement, fertilizer, ammonia liquid, ichthyol ointments, as well as many other petrochemical and building materials.
More than 60 oil shales fields and manifestations are located in Absheron, Gobustan, Shamakhi, Guba and Ismayilli regions.
For the first time, a map of Azerbaijan oil shales and native bitumen fields has been compiled (scale 1:1 000 000). The mineralogical and chemical composition of oil shales, the regularities of their space-time distribution were studied.
The comparative analysis of the Azerbaijan oil shales and the oil shales 16 foreign countries was carried out by the basic geochemical parameters. It was established that the Azerbaijan oil shales fields as Diyally, Guba, Boyuk and Kichik Siyaki, Jangichay, Jangidag and Kechallar, are second on quality only to the oil shales of Estonia and Australia (Sydney field).
For the first time, the prospectivity of oil shales as oil generating source rocks, as well as the possibility of their use to shale gas production due to stratigraphical occurrence and the organic-geochemical peculiarities of the surface manifestations of oil shales were estimated.
Currently, the researches on the process development of oil shale application as a fertilizer in agriculture are carrying out based on conclusion of a scientific cooperation agreement between the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, the Institute of Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry named after academician M.A. Nagiyev and the Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of ANAS.
Public Relations Department
ANAS Institute of Geology and Geophysics