A NEW CONTINUOUSLY OPERATING GPS STATION WAS ESTABLISHED IN SHAMAKHI ASTROPHYSICAL OBSERVATORY NAMED AFTER N.TUSI
May 2, 2018
A new continuously operating GPS station was established within the framework of the international project “Definition of the continental deformation in the collision zone of the Arabian-Eurasian plates”, carried out by the Department of Modern Geodynamics and Space Geodesy of the ANAS Institute of Geology and Geophysics together with the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA). The projects goal is the GPS network expansion in Azerbaijan.
The Azerbaijan GPS network was established in 1998 by IGG together with the Massachusetts University of Technology. They are used for monitoring the changes of horizontal movement rates of the Earths surface. Currently, there are 7 continuously operating GPS stations in Azerbaijan: in Baku, Pirshagi, Sheki, Ganja, Neftchala, Sabirabad and Shamakhi. Geodynamic network includes 26 GPS stations where the measurements were carried out from 1998 to 2018.
The data of Azerbaijani GPS network allows predicting modern geodynamic conditions in the Caucasus. The received data are transmitted in the international UNAVCO database, created by the United States National Science Foundation and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Currently, more than 3.800 GPS stations are archived in the UNAVCO.
GPS monitoring is widely used to determine the size and shape of the Earth, to study the land-surface deformations, tectonic movements of the continents, earthquakes hazards studies. The researches were carried out to study the geodynamic problems in the USA, England, Japan, Russia, Italy, Turkey and other countries.
To improve research practice it is planned to install gravimetric and magnetic stations, radiometric and geothermal instruments in the geophysical laboratory of the ANAS Shamakhi astrophysical observatory named after N.Tusi.
Department of Public Relations
Institute of Geology and Geophysics of ANAS