April 24, 2018

On April 22, the eruption of the mud volcano Toragai occurred, located 76 km south-west of Baku. Due to its morphometric indicators, the Toragai volcano, located in the south of the Shamakhi-Gobustan oil and gas region, is considered the largest mud volcano in the world.

According to data received from the Department of mud volcanism of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics of ANAS, the absolute height of the volcano is more than 400 meters, and the substructure indexes are 3.8 x 2.9 km. The last eruption occurred on March 1, 2018. The next-to- last volcano eruption was observed in 1988.

The new eruption of mud volcano occurred in two phases: the initial phase at 7:58; the last one at 9:45. After the volcano eruption, the employees of the Department of mud volcanism conducted field research. Due to the activity of the eruption canal, located in the west of the volcano, the cover area of the igneous breccia is 6.1 hectares, the total volume is 42,525 m3. The length of the volcanic tongue, formed as a result of the eruption on the south-western slope of Toragai, was more than 1 km. According to visual assessments, the height of the flame columns formed as a result of the eruption, reached 400 m.

The Institutes scientists attribute to the indicators, recorded by the number and scale of eruptions observed in Azerbaijan, with geodynamic stress in the region.

Department of Public Relations
Institute of Geology and Geophysics of ANAS