THE ARTICLE OF SCIENTISTS OF THE INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICS PUBLISHED IN THE UKRAINIAN SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL
July 15, 2021
The article “Strong earthquakes in Azerbaijan for historical and contemporary periods (conceptual review)” by the scientists of the ANAS Institute of Geology and Geophysics - the head of Department of seismology, geomagnetism and petrophysics, ScD in Earth sciences, associate professor Gulam Babayev and employee of department S.T. Agayeva, was published in the “Geofizicheskiy Journal” of the Institute of Geophysics of the Ukraine National Academy of Sciences.
Based on the results of the study of literary and archival primary sources, the paper clarifies the available information about catastrophic and destructive earthquakes in Azerbaijan for the historical period with a magnitude of M≥6, which caused both changes in the relief of the Earths surface, and the destruction of buildings and numerous human casualties. The background seismicity was investigated based on the results of continuous instrumental observations for the period 1902-2019. Seismic processes are unevenly distributed on the territory of Azerbaijan. Existing catalogs of seismic events have been investigated. The behavioral changes in seismicity parameters have been studied. An overview conceptual analysis of two main methods for assessing seismic hazard is given: probabilistic and deterministic, which have found their wide application in recent decades. In conclusion, the most important and general tasks of future seismological studies are emphasized, which are to be performed in the next decades.