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SCIENTISTS SUCCESSFULLY CONTINUE WORKING ON INVENTION OF CHEAP ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

 
January 28, 2021

Under the leadership of Professor Mirali Alosmanov, a group of scientists from the ANAS Institute of Geology and Geophysics, the Institute of Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry, the Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry obtained patent the “Method for waste processing from the mining and oil industry” (I20180022). The patent was granted for an invention that improves the ecological state of contaminated areas, and provides the efficiency use of compounds that contain the recourses of phosphorus, potassium, macro-microelements. These elements are located around oil wells and disturb ecology.

The group of scientists obtained another patent “A method for compound fertilizers obtaining on the base of minerals and industrial waste”. The organo-mineral complexes, the wastewater from the Neftchala iodine plant, as well as mud volcanoes waste with a macro-microelement composition are the essential raw materials for these fertilizers.

At the final stage of their research, the scientists selected the necessary materials. They determined that the previously used raw materials could be converted into the new complex organic-mineral fertilizer. In 2020, a new complex organic-mineral fertilizer composed of organo-mineral complex, oil wells sludges, wastewaters from the Neftchala iodine plant, mud volcanic wastes and limestone rocks was used on the land plots of the Khalaj village (Salyan district).

Thus, the obtained complex organic-mineral fertilizer was applied on one hectare in the Khalaj village. 3500 kg of cotton was got the crops in this plan plot due to new fertilizer. It should be noted that 2800 kg of cotton was got the crops in this site with the conventional fertilizers use.

Currently, the specialists from the ANAS Institute of Geology and Geophysics, the Institute of Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry named after M. Nagiyev, the ANAS Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, namely Professor Mirali Alosmanov, the IGG leading researcher Orkhan Abbasov, associate professor Zarema Jabbarova and Doctor of Agricultural Sciences Musa Mammadov continue their research work. The new organic fertilizers are cheaper and more efficient. Thats why it planned to apply the new fertilizer to the other agricultural crops.

It necessary to note that last year, the country imported 351.7 thousand tons of fertilizers worth $ 101.3 million. In the 2019 alone, 335.9 thousand tons of fertilizers worth $ 114.3 million were imported into the country.